This 2,000 year-old practice converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security, and increase soil biodiversity, and discourage deforestation. The process creates a highly porous charcoal that helps soils retain nutrients and water.
Biochar also improves water quality and quantity by increasing soil retention of nutrients and agrochemicals for plant and crop utilization.
Aquaponics is a combination of aquaculture and hydroponics. Aquaponics uses these two in a symbiotic combination in which plants are fed the aquatic animals’ waste.
In return, the vegetables clean the water that goes back to the fish. Microbes gather in the spaces between the roots of the plant and converts the waste into substances the plants can use to grow. The result is a perfect collaboration between aquaculture and gardening.
By turning food scraps and organic garden waste into compost you can:
-Improve soil quality by releasing the rich nutrients in the compost into the soil of your garden.
-Prevent greenhouse gas emissions and reduces the amount of garden and kitchen waste going to Landfill.
-Recycle valuable nutrients and reduce the use of artificial fertilizers.
-Saves you money.
BLACK SOLDIER LARVAE
Black soldier fly, a high lipids containing insect, can be used as a new and viable biomass feed-stock, using organic matters (animal manure, restaurant waste, and fermentation straw) and increasing the overall biodiesel yield. They can be grown and harvested without dedicated facilities and are not pestiferous.
Their larvae are 42% crude protein and 29% fat.
SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION
The organic farming method known as the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), which can increase the paddy yield up to threefold per harvest, was develop 20 years ago in Madagascar by a French agronomist, Father Henri de Laulanie.
SRI four main principles:
-Quick and healthy plant establishment
-Reduced plant density
-Improved soil conditions
-Reduced water application
CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS (CW)
CW are man-made systems designed and engineered to emulate the functions of natural wetlands. CW are a cheaper alternative for wastewater treatment that use natural processes involving wetland vegetation, soils, and their associated microbial assemblages to improve water quality, aesthetically more pleasing and promotes sustainable use of local resources, which is more environmentally friendly.
ORGANIC POULTRY & FISH
Organic chickens, turkey, other poultry birds and fish are raised to organic standards, which not only means freerange, but a whole lot more. Organic standards cover not just the bird’s housing, the amount of space they have and the way they are treated, but also what they are fed, how they are transported and eventually slaughtered.
EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM (EM)
EM is a microbial inoculant promoted to stimulate plant growth and soil fertility in agriculture. The use of EM as an addictive to manure or as a spray directly in the fields may increase the micro fauna diversity of the soil and many benefits are derived from that increase. There is evidence that EM inoculation to the soil can improve the quality of soil, plant growth and yield (Kengo and Hui-lian, 2000).